Understanding The Types And Causes of Hematoma

Understanding The Types And Causes of Hematoma

Nov 22

Hematoma is a type of brain injury that involves the pooling of blood outside the blood vessels. A bruise on the arm or leg is nothing to worry about, such cannot be said of a bruised brain. According to the website of Hankey Law Office, bruises in the brain can have detrimental consequences. Hematoma can lead to swelling of the brain which could affect its functioning if not treated.

There are different types of brain hematoma and they are described by their location. The types of hematoma in the brain include the following:

Intracranial Hematoma

Intracranial hematoma can be epidural, subdural, intracerebral, or subarachnoid. While they may be relatively small to compromise the brain tissues, intracranial hematomas may require immediate medical attention. They can compress brain tissues and blood vessels which could cause significant brain damage.

The symptoms of intracranial hematoma is dependent upon the region of the brain that is most affected. General symptoms may include altered consciousness, nausea, vomiting, headache, focal neurological deficits, neck stiffness, and in some patients, seizures or coma.

Subungual Hematoma

Injuries in the bed of a finger or toenail may result to subungual hematoma. This type of hematoma is characterized by debilitating pain as they are trapped in a small space that does not allow expanded bleeding. To treat subungual hematoma, a small hole needs to be burned to facilitate draining of the blood.

Hematomas are often the result of head and physical trauma injuries. These conditions are often life-threatening. Medical attention may be necessary if the patient experiences the following:

  • Severe headache combined with nausea, vomiting, and confusion
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Uneven pupils
  • Inability to move the leg or arm
  • Excessive sleepiness
  • Loss of hearing
  • Problem with swallowing

Most hematomas are the result of minor injuries and the patient knows the circumstances of the injury. They may require no evaluation. However, when the symptoms mentioned above are present, it is best to seek medical care.